parsing主要凉亭文件(js,css,scss,图像)通过Gulp分配

我们最近已经从使用PHP资产pipe理器切换到Gulp。 我们使用鲍尔来拉入我们的前端包和它们的依赖关系。 使用简单的Bower软件包,只有在“主”中列出的JS文件是非常简单的,很容易完成。 使用'main-bower-files',我们获取所需的js文件,并将它们连接成一个脚本文件,然后发送到我们的站点/脚本文件夹。 我们可以收集的字体,并移动到我们网站的字体/文件夹。 然后,我们碰壁了…在相应的css / scss文件中如何处理图像及其path。 为了进一步复杂化,我们希望图像保留一些​​原始文件夹布局,使其不会被覆盖。 我们要抓住CSS和SCSS(我们使用libsass)文件,并将它们与我们自己的样式合并成一个.css文件。 但是,我们如何确保他们仍然有工作path来跟随他们的图像。

所需的文件夹布局如下所示:

bower.json gulpfile.js package.json bower_components/ site/ - css/styles.css - fonts/ - images/ - bower-package-a/ - arrow.png - gradient.png - themea-a/ - arrow.png - theme-b/ - arrow.png - bower-package-b/ - arrow.png - gradient.png - script/ 

到目前为止,这是我们的大文件:

 // Include gulp var gulp = require('gulp'); // Include Plugins var bower = require('gulp-bower'); var browserSync = require('browser-sync').create(); var concat = require('gulp-concat'); var del = require('del'); var filter = require('gulp-filter'); var gutil = require('gulp-util'); var imagemin = require('gulp-imagemin'); var jshint = require('gulp-jshint'); var mainBowerFiles = require('main-bower-files'); var merge = require('merge-stream'); var newer = require('gulp-newer'); var plumber = require('gulp-plumber'); var pngquant = require('imagemin-pngquant'); var rename = require('gulp-rename'); var sass = require('gulp-sass'); var sourcemaps = require('gulp-sourcemaps'); var changed = require('gulp-changed'); var parallel = require("concurrent-transform"); var os = require("os"); var imageResize = require('gulp-image-resize'); var spritesmith = require('gulp.spritesmith'); var uglify = require('gulp-uglify'); // Paden var bowerDest = 'site/script/lib/bower'; var imgSrc = 'src/images/**'; var imgDest = 'site/images'; var spriteImgDest = './src/images/sprite/'; var scriptSrc = 'src/script/**/*.js'; var scriptDest = 'site/script'; var stylesSrc = 'src/styles/styles.scss'; var stylesDest = 'site/css'; // Helpers var onSassError = function(error) { gutil.log('Sass Error', gutil.colors.red('123')); gutil.beep(); console.log(error); this.emit('end'); } // Clean images Task gulp.task('clean:images', function () { return del([imgDest]); }); // Clean script Task gulp.task('clean:script', function () { return del([scriptDest]); }); // Clean image Task gulp.task('clean:styles', function () { return del([stylesDest]); }); // Lint Task gulp.task('lint', function() { return gulp.src(scriptSrc) .pipe(jshint()) .pipe(jshint.reporter('jshint-stylish')) ; }); // Sass Task gulp.task('sass', ['sprite'], function() { return gulp.src(stylesSrc) .pipe(plumber({ errorHandler: onSassError })) .pipe(sourcemaps.init()) .pipe(sass({ includePaths: [ 'bower_components/compass-mixins/lib', 'bower_components/foundation/scss' ], outputStyle: 'compressed' })) .pipe(sourcemaps.write('./map')) .pipe(gulp.dest(stylesDest)) .pipe(browserSync.stream()) ; }); // Concatenate & Minify JS gulp.task('script', function() { return gulp.src(scriptSrc) .pipe(concat('script.js')) .pipe(gulp.dest(scriptDest)) .pipe(rename('script.min.js')) .pipe(uglify()) .pipe(gulp.dest(scriptDest)) ; }); // Voeg de JS bestanden die gebruikt worden vanuit bower samen. Let op: modernizr volgt niet de standaard // en wordt daarom niet meegenomen in mainBowerFiles(). Deze voegen we dus los toe. gulp.task('bower:js', function() { var modernizr = gulp.src('bower_components/modernizr/modernizr.js') .pipe(rename('modernizr.min.js')) .pipe(uglify()) .pipe(gulp.dest(scriptDest)) ; var frontend = gulp.src(mainBowerFiles()) .pipe(sourcemaps.init()) .pipe(filter('*.js')) .pipe(concat('frontend.min.js')) .pipe(uglify()) .pipe(sourcemaps.write('maps')) .pipe(gulp.dest(scriptDest)) ; return merge(modernizr, frontend); }); // Imagemin Task (compress images) gulp.task('imagemin', function () { return gulp.src([imgSrc, '!src/images/sprite{,/**}']) .pipe(newer(imgDest)) .pipe(imagemin({ use: [pngquant()] })) .pipe(gulp.dest(imgDest)) .pipe(browserSync.stream()) ; }); // Compile sass into CSS & auto-inject into browsers gulp.task('browser-sync', function() { // Serve files from the root of this project browserSync.init({ proxy: "localhost/insyde/website_v6_devtools/site" }); // add browserSync.reload to the tasks array to make // all browsers reload after tasks are complete. gulp.watch("./src/script/**/*.js", ['scripts-watch']); }); // generate the x1 images from the big ones gulp.task('generate-small-sprite-images', function () { return gulp.src('./src/images/sprite/*-2x.png') .pipe(newer(rename(function(path) { path.basename = path.basename.slice(0, -3); //remove @2x label }))) .pipe(parallel( imageResize({ width: '50%', height: '50%' }), os.cpus().length )) .pipe(rename(function(path) { path.basename = path.basename.slice(0, -3); //remove @2x label })) .pipe(gulp.dest(spriteImgDest)) ;}); gulp.task('sprite', ['generate-small-sprite-images'], function () { var spriteData = gulp.src('./src/images/sprite/**/*.png').pipe(spritesmith({ imgName: 'sprite.png', retinaImgName: 'sprite-2x.png', cssName: 'sprite.scss', imgPath: '../images/sprite.png', retinaImgPath : '../images/sprite-2x.png', retinaSrcFilter: '**/*-2x.png' })); // Pipe image stream through image optimizer and onto disk var imgStream = spriteData.img .pipe(imagemin()) .pipe(gulp.dest(imgDest)); // Pipe CSS stream through CSS optimizer and onto disk var cssStream = spriteData.css .pipe(gulp.dest('./src/styles/')); // Return a merged stream to handle both `end` events return merge(imgStream, cssStream); }); // Watch Files For Changes gulp.task('watch', function() { gulp.watch('./src/script/**/*.js', ['lint', 'script']); gulp.watch('./src/styles/**/*.scss', ['sass']); gulp.watch('./src/images/**', ['imagemin']); gulp.watch('./templates/**/*.html').on('change', browserSync.reload); }); // Default Tasks gulp.task('default', ['lint', 'sass', 'bower:js', 'script', 'imagemin', 'watch']); gulp.task('frontend', ['lint', 'sprite', 'sass', 'bower:js', 'script', 'imagemin', 'browser-sync', 'watch']); gulp.task('clean', ['clean:images', 'clean:script', 'clean:styles']); // create a task that ensures the `scripts` task is complete before // reloading browsers gulp.task('scripts-watch', ['script'], browserSync.reload); 

       

网上收集的解决方案 "parsing主要凉亭文件(js,css,scss,图像)通过Gulp分配"

得到它的工作!

我用这个例子: https : //github.com/jonkemp/gulp-useref/issues/60#issuecomment-77535822

这些任务做的是:

bower:assets将在bower软件包的“main”属性中定义的所有资产文件(图像和字体)复制到site / dist /,同时保持软件包的原始文件夹布局自理。

bower:styles分析来自main-bower-files(不包括两个包:foundation和compass-mixins)的样式表,并重新修改指向之前复制的图像和字体的url。 这与示例中的不同之处在于,我的情况下的文件不是先复制到.tmp目录,而是直接处理并写入站点/ css文件夹。 我连接和缩小CSS,而使用源代码来使debugging更容易。

 //copy bower assets that need copying gulp.task('bower:assets', function() { return gulp.src(mainBowerFiles(), { base: './bower_components' }) .pipe(filter([ '**/*.{png,gif,svg,jpeg,jpg,woff,eot,ttf}', '!foundation/**/*', '!compass-mixins/**/*' ])) .pipe(gulp.dest('./site/dist')); }); //generate bower stylesheets with correct asset paths gulp.task('bower:styles', function() { return gulp.src(mainBowerFiles(), { base: './bower_components' }) .pipe(filter([ '**/*.{css,scss}', '!foundation/**/*', '!compass-mixins/**/*' ])) .pipe(foreach(function(stream, file) { var dirName = path.dirname(file.path); return stream .pipe(rework(reworkUrl(function(url) { var fullUrl = path.join(dirName, url); if (fs.existsSync(fullUrl)) { bowerCopyFiles.push(fullUrl); console.log(path.relative('css', fullUrl).replace(/bower_components/, 'dist')); return path.relative('css', fullUrl).replace(/bower_components/, 'dist'); } return url; }))); })) .pipe(sourcemaps.init()) .pipe(concat('bower.css')) .pipe(minifyCss()) .pipe(sourcemaps.write('./map')) .pipe(gulp.dest(stylesDest)); }); 

这一切都导致以下目录结构:

  • bower_components
  • 现场
    • CSS
      • bower.css
    • DIST
      • 亭子 – 分量 – 一个
        • 图片
          • arrow.png
          • gradient.png
      • 亭子组分-B
        • 图片
          • arrow.png
          • gradient.png

另一个select是使用gulp-bower-normalize软件包,它将从main-bower-files获取pipe道输出,然后根据软件包和文件扩展名将其分开,例如

 gulp.src(mainBowerFiles(), { base: 'bower_components' }) .pipe(bowerNormalize({ bowerJson: './bower.json' })) .pipe(gulp.dest('assets/vendor')); 

你也许需要调整bower.js的主要文件,但是它工作的很好。 如果你正在使用Bootstrap …

bower.json:

 { ... "dependencies": { "bootstrap": "^3.3.6", ... }, "overrides": { "bootstrap": { "main": [ "dist/css/bootstrap.min.css", "dist/js/bootstrap.min.js", "fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.eot", "fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.svg", "fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.ttf", "fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.woff", "fonts/glyphicons-halflings-regular.woff2" ], "normalize": { "fonts": ["*.eot", "*.svg", "*.ttf", "*.woff", "*.woff2"] } } } } 

它会产生以下结构:

 assets/ |-- vendor/ |-- bootstrap/ |-- css/ | |-- bootstrap.min.css | |-- fonts/ | |-- glyphicons-halflings-regular.eot | |-- glyphicons-halflings-regular.svg | |-- glyphicons-halflings-regular.ttf | |-- glyphicons-halflings-regular.woff | |-- glyphicons-halflings-regular.woff2 | |-- js/ |-- bootstrap.min.js 

另一个不错的select是平坦的结构,这可能是捆绑供应商文件时更有用。